Body Harmones

Hormones

Hormones are chemical messengers that travel through the bloodstream to control many of the body’s functions. They are produced by glands in the endocrine system, including the thyroid, adrenal glands, and pituitary gland. Some of the most important hormones include insulin, testosterone, estrogen, and cortisol.

Hormones play a role in a wide range of bodily functions, including growth, development, reproduction, metabolism, mood and even feelings also. They can also affect our physical appearance, energy levels, and sleep patterns.

Daily Average This Small Amounts of Hormones are made in Human Body Yet They Control the Functioning of Entire Human Body.

Growth hormone: 0.7–1.2 micrograms (mcg)

Thyroid hormone: 80–120 micrograms (mcg)

Insulin: 3–5 microunits (mU)

Cortisol: 20–25 micrograms (mcg)

Estrogen: 25–30 picograms (pg)

Testosterone: 5–10 nanograms (ng)

  • Picogram (pg): A picogram is equal to one trillionth of a gram.
  • Nanogram (ng): A nanogram is equal to one billionth of a gram.

Insulin: Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. It helps the body to use glucose for energy. When insulin levels are high, the body is more likely to store fat. This is because insulin tells the cells to take in glucose, and when there is too much insulin, the cells become resistant to it. As a result, the glucose builds up in the blood and can be stored as fat.

On the Other Hand, When Insulin Levels are Too Low, the body can’t get the glucose it needs for energy. This can lead to symptoms such as hunger, fatigue, and shakiness. In severe cases, it can even lead to a diabetic coma.

When people eat sugary foods, insulin levels rise. That’s why Diabetes and Obesity are interrelated. Obesity is one of the Main Cause after genetics for Diabetes.

Thyroid hormones: Thyroid hormones help to regulate the body’s metabolism. When thyroid hormone levels are low, the body’s metabolism slows down and it becomes more difficult to lose weight. This is because the body needs less energy to function when thyroid hormone levels are low.

Hypothyroidism, a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone, can lead to weight gain because of imbalanced metabolism.

Cortisol: Cortisol is a stress hormone. When cortisol levels are high, it can lead to weight gain, especially around the abdomen. This is because cortisol can increase appetite and make people do unconscious eating and make it more difficult to lose weight.

Cortisol can reduce muscle mass. Reduction in muscle mass leads to reduced thermogenesis and this can make it more difficult to burn calories and lose weight.

Estrogen: Estrogen is female sex hormone that is produced by the ovaries. It plays a role in a number of functions, including reproduction, bone health, and metabolism. Estrogen levels can fluctuate throughout the menstrual cycle and can affect weight loss.

Testosterone: Testosterone is Male Sex hormone that is produced by the testes. It plays a role in a number of functions, including sex drive, muscle growth, and metabolism. Testosterone levels can decline with age, which can make it more difficult to lose weight.

Growth hormone: Growth hormone is a hormone that is produced by the pituitary gland. It helps to build muscle and bone, and it can also help with weight loss. However, growth hormone levels decline with age, which can make it more difficult to lose weight.

Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1): IGF-1 is a hormone that is similar to growth hormone. It helps to regulate metabolism and can affect weight gain. IGF-1 levels can increase with obesity, which can make it more difficult to lose weight.

Melatonin: Melatonin is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland. It helps to regulate sleep. Low levels of melatonin have been linked to weight gain. Some studies have shown that taking melatonin supplements can help with weight loss.

Adipokines: Adipokines are hormones that are produced by fat cells. They can affect appetite, metabolism, and inflammation. Some adipokines, such as leptin and Adiponectin, have been linked to obesity.

Leptin: Leptin is a hormone that is produced by fat cells. It signals to the brain that the body is full. When leptin levels are high, the brain stops sending signals to eat. However, in people with obesity, leptin levels can become resistant to the brain’s signals. This can lead to overeating and weight gain.

Ghrelin: Ghrelin is a hormone that is produced by the stomach. It sends signals to the brain that tell the body that it is hungry. Ghrelin levels increase before meals and decrease after meals.

Adiponectin: Adiponectin is a hormone that is produced by fat cells. It helps to regulate metabolism and reduce inflammation. Adiponectin levels are lower in people with obesity, which can make it more difficult to lose weight.

Eating Healthy Diets, Regular Exercise and Active Life Style, Getting Enough Sleep, Managing Stress Levels, Avoiding Some Unhealthy Habits and Some Supplements like Zinc, Chromium, Magnesium etc. are Best Way to Keep Your Hormones Well Balanced to Have Proper Functioning of Human Body’s Vital Systems.

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